(1) Walk Thru The Word: Romans 14: 10-16 (ESV)
Pass no judgment that stumbles or Hinders another
10Why do you pass judgment on your brother? Or you, why do you despise your brother? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God; 11for it is written, “As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.”
12So then each of us will give an account of himself to God.
13Therefore let us not pass judgment on one another any longer, but rather decide never to put a stumbling block or hindrance in the way of a brother. 14I know and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus that nothing is unclean in itself, but it is unclean for anyone who thinks it unclean. 15For if your brother is grieved by what you eat, you are no longer walking in love. By what you eat, do not destroy the one for whom Christ died.
(2) Walk Thru The Word: Romans 14: 16-19 (ESV)
“The Kingdom of God Is Righteousness, Peace & Joy”
16So do not let what you regard as good be spoken of as evil. 17For the kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking but of righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit. 18Whoever thus serves Christ is acceptable to God and approved by men. 19So then let us pursue what makes for peace and for mutual upbuilding.
(3) Walk Thru The Word: Romans 14: 14: 20-23 (ESV)
“Whatever does not proceed from faith is sin”
20Do not, for the sake of food, destroy the work of God. Everything is indeed clean, but it is wrong for anyone to make another stumble by what he eats. 21It is good not to eat meat or drink wine or do anything that causes your brother to stumble. 22The faith that you have, keep between yourself and God. Blessed is the one who has no reason to pass judgment on himself for what he approves. 23But whoever has doubts is condemned if he eats, because the eating is not from faith. For whatever does not proceed from faith is sin.
a 4 Or lord
b 11 Or shall give praise
c 21 Some manuscripts add or be hindered or be weakened
d 23 Some manuscripts insert here 16:25 – 27
(4) Message map — Rom. 14: 10 – 23 “Following Christ To Fulfill Faithful, Friendly Flexible Fellowship” (The Book of Romans: Session 24)
- Rom 14: 10-12 At judgment every knee shall bow, and every tongue shall confess and give an account
- Rom 14: 13-16 & 20-21 We’ll be judged on how we Submitted to Christ To Not stumble the Weak
- Rom 14: 17- 19 we’ll be judged on how we responded to the holy spirit’s conviction to walk by faith in the kingdom Principles of righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit
- Rom 14: 21-23 We’ll be rewarded by how faithful we walk in The Convictions Christ Lays On Our Conscience
(5) Rom 14: 10-12
At judgment every knee shall bow, and every tongue shall confess give an account.
We are destined for judgement (béma seat – a tribunal throne of The Father, Son & Holy Spirit, a platform where we’ll receive the administration of just rewards and punishments)
- Hebrews 11:6 6And without faith it is impossible to please him, for whoever would draw near to God must believe that he exists (without limits in a timeless manner) and that he rewards (in keeping with his own values) those who seek him.
- Perhaps without the constraints of our earthly carnal nature, we will be a more pure reflection of what it means to be made in the image of God, and we will see as He sees, and so will acknowledge our sinfulness and be able to submit to Him more naturally. Thus, we will confess, which also means to “openly declare” the following:
Judgement is a place where we all will bow (honor one in religious veneration and worship in devout recognition of the name which Jesus received from God), (Isaiah 45:23 & Philippians 2:10)
- Isaiah 45:23 23By Myself I have sworn; truth has gone out from My mouth, a word that will not be revoked: Every knee will bow before Me, every tongue will confess allegiance.
- Romans 14:11 It is written: “As surely as I live, says the Lord, every knee will bow before Me; every tongue will confess to God.”
- Philippians 2:10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth,
Judgement is a situation where we all will confess (consent fully, fully agree, admit, acknowledge in open agreement — whole-heartedly without reservation & with no holding back; to “openly declare”) that:
- God/Christ/Holy Spirit is/are Creator, Authority and CEO of Life & Death & rewards and punishes Gen 1: 1 & John 3: 1-3, that God is Creator, Authority and CEO of Life & Death & rewards and punishes —
- Gen 1: 1-2, 1In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. 2The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
- John 3: 1-3 1In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2He was in the beginning with God. 3All things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made. 4In him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.
- that Christ is The Virgin Born, Sinless Savior per Matt 1:18-23
- Matthew 1: 18-23 Expresses the Christology— the branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. In verses 18 & 23 we Christ will be born of a Virgin. In vs 21 we see Christ will “save people from their sins.”
- Matthew 1: 18-23 18Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together, she was found to be with child from the Holy Spirit. 19And her husband Joseph, being a just man and unwilling to put her to shame, resolved to divorce her quietly. 20But as he considered these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary as your wife, for that which is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21She will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.” 22All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet: 23“Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel” (which means, God with us).
- That God and Christ have absolute authority to judge us. (Rev 5:1-14 & John 5:22, Rom. 14: 10 & 2 Cor. 5:10)
- John 3:16, for God so loved the world…
- 14: 10 & 2 Cor. 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive what is due for what he has done in the body, whether good or evil.
- Rev 5:1-14 – which will discuss on another slide
- John 5:22, — which will discuss on a another slide
God has made it very easy for us to escape judgement & enter into life. John 3:16 & Rom. 3:25,
- John 3:16, for God so loved the world…
- Rom 3:25 NLT – For God presented Jesus as the sacrifice for sin. People are made right with God when they believe that Jesus sacrificed his life, shedding his blood. This sacrifice shows that God was being fair when he held back and did not punish those who sinned in times past, God/Christ/Holy Spirit is/are Creator, Authority and CEO of Life & Death & rewards and punishes Gen 1: 1 & John 3: 1-3, that God is Creator, Authority and CEO of Life & Death & rewards and punishes Click To Tweet
(6) Rom 14: 10-12 ROMANS 14: 10-12
Each of us will give an account of himself to God
Those in Christ will be judged on our obedience and works, not salvation. (1 Cor. 3: 13-15) 13each one’s work will become manifest, for the Day will disclose it, because it will be revealed by fire, and the fire will test what sort of work each one has done. 14If the work that anyone has built on the foundation survives, he will receive a reward. 15If anyone’s work is burned up, he will suffer loss, though he himself will be saved, but only as through fire. burned up, he will suffer loss, though he himself will be saved, but only as through fire.
So, then each of us will give an account (reasoning statement of facts transactions and events) of himself to God. Luke 16:2. 2And he called him and said to him, ‘What is this that I hear about you? Turn in the account of your management, for you can no longer be manager.’
- Thayer —- We only judge (2919 /krínō) accurately by intelligent comparison and contrast based on God’s word, i.e. to approve (prefer) what is correct and reject what is inferior (wrong).
Thus — Heb. 4: 12 says, “For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.
The verification we give to God will be based on how we processed or ignored His Word which informed our …
- thoughts (reflections, inner affections (emotions) driving the reasoning processes. Thoughts also what we meditate upon, reflect upon, ponder that produces fervent, inner cogitation) (Isaiah 55:8-9, Matt. 9:4 & 15:19, Luke 2:35 & 11:17, Rom. 2:15)
- intentions (what results from our moral understanding)
in relation to His sayings, decrees, mandates, orders and commands.
- that God is Creator, Authority and CEO of Life & Death
- that Christ is God
- That God and Christ have absolute right to judge us.
- We will account for how our thoughts are contrasted with God’s thoughts Isaiah 55:8-9 8“For My thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways My ways,” declares the LORD. 9“For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so My ways are higher than your ways and My thoughts than your thoughts.
- Christ knows our thoughts — Matthew 9:4 Knowing their thoughts, Jesus said, “Why do you entertain evil thoughts in your hearts?
- Matthew 15:19 For out of the heart come evil thoughts–murder, adultery, sexual immorality, theft, false testimony, slander. …
- Luke 2:35 so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And … As a result, the deepest thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And …
- Luke 11:17 Jesus knew their thoughts and said to them: “Any kingdom divided against itself will be ruined, and a house divided against itself will fall. …
- Romans 2:15 They show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts sometimes accusing them and …
(7) Rom 14: 10-12 The Judgement Seat of Christ is Where Sheep & Goats Are Separated
Christ is the judge, who decides who goes to Heaven or Hell so we should jump back from doing so.
Matt 25: 31- 33 31When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, He will sit on His glorious throne. 32All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate the people one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep (those easily led by Christ The good Shepherd) from the goats (those not submissive to Christ, and are unredeemed and rebellious against God to the core) 33He will place the sheep on His right and the goats on His left
John 5: 21- 29 22… the Father…has given all judgment to the Son, …24Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever hears my word and believes … has eternal life. He does not come into judgment, .… 26For …the Father …27… has given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man.
(8) Walk Thru The Word: The Father has given all judgment to the Son”
John 5: 21- 29 21For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whom he will. 22For the Father judges no one, but has given all judgment to the Son, 23that all may honor the Son, just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him. 24Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life. He does not come into judgment, but has passed from death to life. 25“Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. 26For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself. 27And he has given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man. 28Do not marvel at this, for an hour is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear his voice 29and come out, those who have done good to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil to the resurrection of judgment.
(9) ROMANS 14: 10-12
Christ’s Judgement Culminates World History
In Rev 5: 1-14 the reason John “began to weep loudly because no one was found worthy to open the scroll or to look into it” was because
- If the seals can’t be opened, he’s stuck on Patmos forever.
- He understood the great need for its contents to be fulfilled.
- Without fulfillment the future only would consist of sin, sickness, death and the warping of all God created good in Genesis.
- Without one worthy to receive the scroll from God and break its seals, all the promises of the prophets; all the hopes of the saints, and dreams of a redeemed world go unrealized.
Fortunately, Christ is the only one worthy (vs.4) to open the scrolls!
Rev 6:16 = 15Then the kings of the earth and the great ones and the generals and the rich and the powerful, and everyone, slaved and free, hid themselves in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains, 16calling to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who is seated on the throne, and from the wrath of the lamb, 17for the great day of their wrath has come, and who can stand?”
(10) Rom 14: 13-16 & 20-21
We’ll be judged on how we submitted to Christ To Not stumble the Weak
Rom 14: 13-16 & 20-21 13Therefore let us not pass judgment on one another any longer, but rather decide never to put a stumbling block (an obstacle against which our foot is hurt, making it difficult to move forward, and which causes us to be angry — either in defense of it, or because we feel emotionally attached to believing in its rightness or wrongness. Since we are angry with an obstacle in our path which we have struck and hurt our foot against, one typically is said to have stumbled at whatever highly displeases him;).
A 13hinderance is what causes offense, that leads another to sin.
14I know and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus that nothing is unclean (profane; dirty, stripped of its sacredness) in itself, but it is unclean for anyone who thinks it unclean.
15For if your brother is grieved (thrown into sincere sorrow and/or hurt) by what you eat, you are no longer walking in love. By what you eat, do not destroy (overthrow) by what you eat, you are no longer walking in love. By what you eat, do not destroy the one for whom Christ died. 16So do not let what you regard as good be spoken of as evil.
20Do not, for the sake of food, destroy the work of God. everything is indeed clean (pure, unstained, either literally or ceremonially or spiritually; guiltless, innocent, upright)
In Gen 1: 1-31 the word “good” appears 7 times) )but it is wrong for anyone to make another stumble by what he eats. 22It is good not to eat meat or drink wine or do anything that causes your brother to stumble.
(11) Rom 14: 21-23 We’ll be rewarded by how faithful we walk in The Convictions Christ Lays On Our Conscience
Rom 14:21-23 21It is good (beautiful, as an outward sign of the inward good, noble and honorable character) not to eat meat or drink wine or do anything that causes your brother to stumble.
22The faith that you have, keep between yourself and God. Blessed is the one who has no reason to pass judgment on himself for what he approves.
Rom 14: 22 (BSB) — Keep your belief about such matters between yourself and God.
Rom 14: 22 (NLT) — You may believe there’s nothing wrong with what you are doing, but keep it between yourself and God. Blessed are those who don’t feel guilty for doing something they have decided is right.
23But whoever has doubts (over-judging, going too far, vacillating) is condemned (judged worthy of punishment) if he eats, because the eating is not from faith (the confidence the Lord continuously births in the yielded believer to know what He prefers). For whatever does not proceed from faith is sin.
(12) ROMANS 14: 10-12 Our Ministry is to Make Disciples
Which Requires Reminding People of Christ’s Judgement
Remember Romans 14: 1-21 is addressed to strong believers about how to handle the weak in faith who need to become better disciples (Matthew 28:19-20), which we make by …
Matthew 28:19-20 19Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, 20and teaching them to obey all that I have commanded you. And surely, I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”
Making disciples Requires …
- going to where the people are and baptizing them & letting them know God loves them.
- teaching them to obey all that I have commanded letting people know they are sinners Romans 3:23
- relying upon Christ who is with us to the very end of the