(1) Walk Thru The Word: Romans 16: 1-7 & 16  (ESV)

A Faithful Female Named Phoebe Carries Paul’s Letter to Rome

1I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church at Cenchreae, 2that you may welcome her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a patron of many and of myself as well.

3Greet Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, 4who risked their necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks but all the churches of the Gentiles give thanks as well. 5Greet also the church in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in Asia.

6Greet Mary, who has worked hard for you.7Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. They are well known to the apostles, and they were in Christ before me.

(2) Walk Thru The Word:  Romans 16: 17-23  (ESV)

disregard Those Who cause doctrinal divisions

16Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ greet you.

17I appeal to you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and create obstacles contrary to the doctrine that you have been taught; avoid them. 18For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites, and by smooth talk and flattery they deceive the hearts of the naive. 19For your obedience is known to all, so that I rejoice over you, but I want you to be wise as to what is good and innocent as to what is evil. 20The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.

21Timothy, my fellow worker, greets you; so do Lucius and Jason and Sosipater, my kinsmen.

22I Tertius, who wrote this letter, greet you in the Lord.

23Gaius, who is host to me and to the whole church, greets you. Erastus, the city treasurer, and our brother Quartus, greet you.

(3) Walk Thru The Word:  Romans 16: 24-27  (ESV)

God’s gospel strengthens us to obey

24The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen

25Now to him who is able to strengthen you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery that was kept secret for long ages 26but has now been disclosed and through the prophetic writings has been made known to all nations, according to the command of the eternal God, to bring about the obedience of faith— 27to the only wise God be glory forevermore through Jesus Christ! Amen.

(4) Message map — Romans 15: 22 – 33

Romans Lesson #28

Paul Gets A Do-Over To Bless Jerusalem” & God Sends Him To Rome in A Roundabout Way”

(5) Rom 15: 17-19 Paul’s Missionary Journeys

See colored Map of all journey’s, including Paul’s Prisoner Passage Marked In Green

Last week, we saw Paul is in Corinth, writing to the church in Rome, where he’d like to visit, but God is directing him to take an offering or contribution back to Jerusalem, from where he hopes to make the long trip.  Paul wrote the letter to the Romans while in Corinth.

This week, May 5, 2019 we see Paul is in Corinth and is being supported by Phoebe, who is a servant of the church at Cenchreae, which is just southwest of Corinth.  And Paul gives her the letter to carry to the Roman church, while he presumably heads back down to Jerusalem to deliver an offering to the saints there who have been impoverished by persecution and a famine.

(6) Romans 16: 1-2  (ESV) Phoebe faithfully Carries Paul’s Message To Rome 

1Paul commendsverifies sister Phoebe has established herself as a faithful servant (deaconess, who “thoroughly raises up dust by moving in a hurry to minister under the inspiration of the Lord to carry out His plan for His people as a waiter) of the church at Cenchreae.

2that you may welcome her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints (set apart by, or for, God, holy, sacred. Those being conformed to “likeness of nature with the Lord” because they are “different from the world.), and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a patron (a Protector/guardian  but Paul uses the female version of the word “patroness, protectress a female guardian”) of many and of myself as well.

Paul  commends (verifies she has established herself) sister Phoebe, who is a faithful servant  (deaconess, who “thoroughly raises up dust by moving in a hurry to minister under the inspiration of the Lord to carry out His plan for His people as a waiter)

(7) Romans 16: 3-5  Profile Prisca and Aquila, “fellow workers” 4who risked their necks and have 5A church in their house.

Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, 4who risked their necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks but all the churches of the Gentiles give thanks as well. 5Greet also the church in their house.

Profile Prisca and Aquilla  

(8) Romans 16: 1-27 — Who’s Being Greeted & Why  

(9) Romans 16: 17

Disregard Those Who Divide with Deceitful Doctrines

17I appeal (urge, invite invoke) to you, brothers, to watch (regard attentively & MARK,  scrutinize, observe, fix one’s (mind’s) eye) out for those who cause divisions dissension which wrongly separate people into pointless / groundless factions. Stress how someone is  entrapped and caught by the devices of their own personal bias & carnal thinking) and create obstacles (Contrary Obstacles =  those that are theologically significant) to the doctrine (the doctrinal teaching authored by God/Christ, the Lord,) that you have been taught; avoid them.

(10) Romans 16: 17 obstacles to salvation and discipleship include Works Systems & Deceitful Doctrines  about Christ!

Obstacles to salvation and discipleship are created through …

  1. He is not god
  1. He was not god incarnateD in Humanity (Not fully man & Not fully God/ incarnate ()
  1. He did not die a substitutionary death ()
  1. He was not bodily resurrected to have a translated form (Luke 24, Mark 16:14)
19For 20The God of peace (a state of national tranquility. Also good order, as G-O-D stands for Good, Orderly Direction. God responds to us doing things His way by Crushing Satan) will soon CRUSH (break in pieces, shatter, crush,… Click To Tweet
  1. He is not seated at the right hand of God

(11)  Rom 16 :18 Those Who Spread Deceitful Doctrines Serve Themselves & Not God

18For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites and by smooth talk (plausible sounding verbal quips that justify their position) and flattery (language artfully adapted to captivate the hearer) they deceive the hearts of the naive (innocent , guileless, unsuspecting simple people, who fear no evil from the one teaching them, who is operating from a higher level of sophistication.)

Deceived = “hood-winked”, describing someone taken in, and enslaved by, Satan (sin, darkness).

Stongs # 1818 /eksapatáō (“deceived into illusion”) emphasizes the end-impact of deception of missing true reality because “biting on the bait that brings the hook!

It’s from where we derive the expression: “Swallow it hook, line and sinker” to denote one who is thoroughly inundated in a lie and misconception.

Their life style lacks the fruit of the Spirit or is inconsistent with it.

Matthew 7: 15-23  – 15“Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing but inwardly are ravenous wolves. 16You will recognize them by their fruits. Are grapes gathered from thorn bushes, or figs from thistles? 17So, every healthy tree bears good fruit, but the diseased tree bears bad fruit. 18A healthy tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a diseased tree bear good fruit. 19Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 20Thus you will recognize them by their fruits.

21“Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. 22On that day many will say to me, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and do many mighty works in your name?’ 23And then will I declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from me, you workers of lawlessness.’

Catholic doctrine of celibacy is suited to attracting homosexuals who raped boys. Catholic doctrines built in man’s tradition changes the rules of what is written.  Thus they want to change the Bible and the Constitution upon which it is based.

(12)  Rom 16:18 Those Who Have a Fruitless Faith

Can’t Answer 3 Discipleship Questions (Tim Keller (Center Church).

https://churchleaders.com/pastors/pastor-articles/176648-tim-keller-questions-for-sleepy-or-nominal-christians.html?utm_source=cl-fridayweeklysend-nl&utm_medium=email&utm_content=text-link&utm_campaign=cl-fridayweeklysend-nl20190503&maropost_id=742198053&mpweb=256-7833246-742198053

(13) Romans 16: 19 Obeying With Wisdom Opens The Way for God’s Peace To Crush Satan Under Our Feet

19For your obedience (submissiveness, compliance that conforms conduct to God’s commands, ) is known to all, so that I rejoice over you, but I want you to be wise (wise, learned, cultivated, skilled, clever. Also – one whose action is governed by piety and integrity (that which encompasses the whole moral character) and accordingly is a suitable person to settle private quarrels, 1 Corinthians 6:5.) Also forming the best plans and using the best means for their execution: so of God, Romans 16:27):

(14) Romans 16: 24-27 The Grace of God’s Gospel Strengthens US 

19For 20The God of peace (a state of national tranquility. Also  good order, as G-O-D stands for Good, Orderly Direction.  God responds to us doing things His way by Crushing Satan) will soon CRUSH (break in pieces, shatter, crush, bruise.) Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Barnes Commentary says of Romans 16:20 And the God of peace – The God who promotes peace; Romans 15:33.

Will bruise – The “language” here refers to the prediction in Genesis 3:15. It here means to “subdue, to gain the victory over.” It denotes Paul’s confidence that they “would” gain the victory, and would be able to overcome all the arts of those who were endeavoring to sow discord and contention among them.

Satan – The word “Satan” is Hebrew, meaning originally “an accuser, a calumniator,” and then “an enemy.” It is given to the prince of evil spirits from this enmity to God and human beings. He is here regarded as the “author” of all attempts to promote discord in the church, by whomsoever those attempts were made. Hence, they who attempt to produce divisions are called “his ministers;” 2 Corinthians 11:15. God would disappoint their malignant purposes, and promote the prevalence of peace.

The grace – The favor; the mercy, etc. The Lord Jesus is the Prince of peace (Isaiah 9:6; compare Luke 2:14; John 14:27), and this expression is “a prayer” to him, or an earnest wish expressed, that the design of his coming might be accomplished in promoting the prevalence of order and peace; compare 1 Corinthians 16:23; Revelation 22:21.

(15) Romans 16: 24-27  (ESV)

The Gospel of Grace Strengthens Us To Be Obedient  in Faith

Romans 16:24 — The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.

Because certain manuscripts do not contain vs 24, it is included in the footnotes of many translations.

(Re: vs. 24, the NAS has it in brackets. KJV includes it as part of the regular text. The ESV, NLT do not, but contain a footnote designating that some transcripts include it.)

The message in the Doxology (a portion of worship in which a hymn in praise of the Almighty is offered to  give glory to God) is that The Gospel Strengthens us — 25Now to him who is able to strengthen (to make fast, establish, fix firmly, increases the ability to direct ourselves towards God; to render constant, confirm, one’s mind ) you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery (the counsels of God, once hidden but now revealed in the Gospel or portion of Scripture; the Christian revelation generally; particular truths or details of the Christian revelation.) that was kept secret for long ages 26but has now been disclosed and through the prophetic writings has been made known to all nations, according to the command of the eternal God, to bring about the obedience of faith— 27to the only wise God be glory forevermore through Jesus Christ! Amen.

See also Jude 1: 24-25 24Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy, 25To the only wise God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Amen.

Re: Mystery –

2 Thessalonians 2:7 NAS: For the mystery of lawlessness or KJV = iniquity

1 Timothy 3:16 NAS: great is the mystery of godliness

(16) Let’s Pray that God ReAwakens, ReInvigorates & ReEstablish Us in Our Calls In Christ!

Let’s Pray:

God grant us the grace to be patient as You work Your will in our lives.  Give us the wisdom to think Your thoughts and trust You to see as You see, which is written in Your Word!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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